Bob Marley: Orthodox Christian

Twenty four years on few know of his conversion to Christianity.

In May 1981, the world lost the man who had been described as the “first Third World superstar”. The Hon. Robert Nesta Marley O.M. died on 11th May 1981 in a Miami hospital after an 8 month battle with cancer. He was 36.

To the masses he was known as Bob Marley – the man who brought them reggae and Rastafarianism. His was the voice of classics like “No Woman No Cry” recorded live at the London Lyceum Ballroom in 1975.

However, what most people don’t know, and many try to cover up, is the fact that Bob Marley converted to Christianity in 1980. In fact on 4 November 1980 he was baptised and became a member of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. When he was buried under Orthodox rites on 21st May 1981 it was with his Bible and his Gibson guitar!

Bob Marley was born at Nine Miles, St Ann’s in Jamaica. His father was Norval Sinclair Marley, a 50 something Liverpool born captain in the British Army. His mother, an 18 year old teenager, was Cedella Booker. His birthday is thought to be 6th February 1945 although no birth certificate has ever been found.

His mum, and his grandparents, read the Bible at home and worshipped in a Christian church. Bob Marley strayed away from that upbringing as a teenager and as an adult embraced Rastafarianism. He had married Alpharita Anderson in February 1966 and while he was away in the USA earning some money to pursue his musical career she had converted to Rastafarianism following the visit to Jamaica of Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia. Rastafarians worshipped Selassie as the Messiah and Saviour. Bob followed suite and spent his career expousing the beliefs of Rastafari in songs like “One Love“, “Jammin‘” and “Exodus“.

The worship of Selassie is a little ironic as Selassie was a Christian and in the 1970’s personally commissioned Archbishop Abuna Yesehaq to go to Jamaica to start a church that worshipped Christ and not himself in the hope that Jamaicans would follow the true Christ. Yesehaq became the head of the Kingston chapter of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

The Archbishop (pictured left), interviewed by Barbara Blake Hannah for Gleaner’s Sunday Magazine (November 25 1984), told how Bob Marley had come to his church for some time. When he had expressed a desire to be baptised, people close to him who controlled him and who were aligned to a different aspect of Rastafari prevented him from going ahead.

The website says that Bob remained outside the church for several years after Rita and the children converted in 1972. Bob was under the spiritual guidance of the archbishop but was baptised just a year before his death, after 3 aborted attempts to convert in Kingston. He backed out each time, says the Archbishop, after being threatened by other rastas. Marley was finally baptised in the Ethiopian Church in New York where less resentments were less inflamed. The Archbishop christened him Berhane Selassie – “light of the Trinity”.

Yesehaq told Barbara Blake Hannah:

“I remember once while I was conducting the Mass, I looked at Bob and tears were streaming down his face. Many people think he was baptised because he knew he was dying, but that is not so… he did it when there was no longer any pressure on him, and when he was baptised, he hugged his family and wept. They all wept together for about an hour.”

Yesehaq is adamant Bob’s conversion was genuine. It is clear that Marley denounced the belief of Selassie as God at his conversion and baptism into the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and accepted their Christian belief system, otherwise his funeral would never have taken place in the church. The Ethiopian Orthodox Church does not allow any ceremonies including funerals for non-members.

Yesehaq’s testimony is supported by Judy Mowatt, one of Marley’s backing singers the “I-Threes”, which also included his wife Rita Marley and Marcia Griffiths. Judy (pictured left) sang with Bob for 6 years and told British journalist and broadcaster Mike Rimmer in an interview that was published in Christian Herald in March 2005 of a phonecall she received from Rita when Bob was dying.

“She said to me that Bob was in such excruciating pain and he stretched out his hand and said ‘Jesus take me’. I was wondering to myself ‘Why is it that Bob said ‘Jesus’ and not ‘Selassie’? But I never said it to anyone. Then I met a friend whose sister is a Christian and was a nurse at the hospital where Bob was treated and she had led him to the Lord Jesus Christ. So when Rita saw him saying ‘Jesus take me’, I now know it was after he had received the Lord Jesus Christ in his life.”

Judy Mowatt became a Pentecostal Christian herself in the mid 90s and is now a gospel reggae performer. Mike Rimmer asked her why the story of Bob Marley’s conversion was not more widely known:

“If people knew, they would be drawn to Jesus Christ. Nobody wants to promote that in Jamaica. I said it on a popular television programme over there and a Rasta man met me and asked me why did I have to say that? I told him it was because it’s the truth! But he never wanted me to reveal that and I think that nobody wants it to be revealed because so many people would be drawn to Jesus.”

Bob Marley’s official website doesn’t even mention his conversion, although a number of fan sites do.

Fans celebrated what would have been Bob Marley’s 60th birthday this February amidst rumours his body was to be exhumed and taken to Ethiopia. His widow Rita has strongly denied the rumours.

Three years after his death the “Legend” compilation album of Bob’s greatest hits was released, spending 12 weeks in total at No 1 in the UK album charts and selling over 15 million copies in the UK and USA. Twenty four years on the legend lives on. Bob Marley found a “Redemption Song” that “Satisfied his Soul”. The question is will the “People Get Ready” for their “Exodus”!

Bob Marley knew Jesus – do you?




  1. That’s amazing! I’ve been an ardent Bob Marley fan for my whole life, never knowing he became a Christian. It’s great to know that he’s Jammin’ in heaven right now, “Jammin’ in the name of the LORD!”

  2. Wow!!! thats just too amaizing. thank God!

  3. I’m Jamaican and didn’t know that Bob Marley converted to Christianity. I doubt there is some grand conspiracy to cover it up though but anything is possible. Rastafarians are a minority in Jamaica. The majority are Christians (Protestant) and only a few are aware of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church’s presence. Generally, when Jamaicans hear Rastas speaking about Ethiopia we tune them out because we assume it’s regarding Rastafarianism. They are free to practice their faith but we aren’t particularly interested in it for ourselves. Unless, they referred to themselves clearly as Christian we wouldn’t pay them much attention except for their music.

    Nice site btw. I came here while searching for information regarding converting from the Baptist faith to Anglicanism, which is the closest I’ll get to a catholic church because I find many of Rome’s teachings too difficult to swallow.

  4. Camille,

    Welcome, and thanks for your kind comments.

    And, welcome home.

  5. All this nonsense about mixing monophysites with Eastern Orthodox under the same banner is getting me down; the same autistic logic should demand we go mad about the Latins because they call themselves “Catholic”.

    The “Oriental Orthodox” are very different to us, and have a christology that borders on the Islamic (indeed, Georges Florevsky categorized Islam as being essentially derived as a Coptic heresy).

    It is a sin and a scandal to continue enjoining the monophysites to those in communion with the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Let them keep their own, and let us get on with our business.

    Thought for the day: have you noticed how everyone claims to be in communion with us (their own Popes, including the Bishop of Rome, the Coptic Pope of Alexandria etc.) yet we will never give them the Mystery of Mysteries?

  6. Amen and amen.

  7. Lyle Courtsal says:

    Black Elk also converted to Christianity after several encounters with the faith correctly represented in the people that he met. No books that I read like Black Elk Speaks for example, ever mentioned his conversion either.

  8. You can find videos posted on various sites which contain footage from Bob Marley’s funeral. It was done according to the funeral rites of the EOTC. There is no way, the Church would allow that if he wasn’t baptized in the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

  9. Constantine says:

    Please, in God’s Holy Name! Stop calling the Copts ORTHODOX!

  10. Amanda Potocnik says:

    Bob Marley was a human being just like the rest of us. He had free will just like the rest of us. I personally was honestly enlightened when I found out he converted to orthodoxy being Orthodox myself. Which means that it doesn’t matter at all what any of us think of that. He gave his life to Christ. That’s what his beliefs were and not one person on this planet has any business whatsoever judging him. Especially out of respect that he is no longer with us. Rest In Peace Bob Marley. Hope to see you in heaven someday.

  11. Thomas t says:

    Peace and Grace to all, just thought i would share this part of the Coptic Liturgy with you so you understand what the Copts believe in, before the communion the priest raises the Body of Christ and prays the following:” I believe that His Divinity parted not from His humanity not for a single moment nor a twinkling of an eye, given for the remission of sins and eternal life to those who partake of Him.” i guess it is very clear that we, the Copts believe in the 2 natures and this is how we have been praying for 2000 years and not a word in our prayers have changed!! I wonder when are we going to realize the importance of UNITY, we have for so long divided the body of Christ, time to get back and pray and forgive and put our differences (which do not really exist) behind us. I truly pray to the Lord that one day I can have the holy communion with my brothers and my fathers the Greeks and that the One Orthodox church restores its strength and its unity. Please remember me in your prayers.

  12. Fr. John says:

    And not just the Greeks. This is up to our bishops, and it is their job to make it happen. Until then, let us all pray.

  13. Lucinda George says:

    Thank you for sharing this awesome information!

  14. Samurai Frank Braam says:

    Copts are not “MONOphysites” but “MIAphysites”. They do not believe Christ’s Human Nature was swallowed up by His Divine Nature. Copts profess a COMPOSITE nature where He is FULLY Human and FULLY Divine! Strict Cyrillians would be another label for them since they accept St Cyril’s definition. Dialogue is essential.

  15. This man was a deep thinker, and that is why he made the right choice. Many times we are born unto the lord and don’t even know it, till we find him within us. ONE LOVE!

  16. This article is misleading and provides false information. Yes Bob Marley was baptized into Ethiopian Orthodox church. But he did not denounce Rastafari. You can hear it out of the Abuna mouth hisself on an interview on the caribbean talk show Devils Advocate. He says he never spoke to Bob Marley about The didvinity of Haile Selassie. NEVER!! So who did he denounce Rastafari to. It was not to the Abuna. Bob Marley’s kids were also baptized yet they are still Rasta. Many Rasta’s have been baptized in the Ethiopian church and Remain Rasta cause we always believed in Christ. This article has added information to coerce you to accept a lie that he denounced Rastafari.

  17. Fr. John says:

    Lando, one cannot be baptized into the Orthodox faith and retain belief or membership in any other religion. No priest would do, or permit this.

  18. pr. radu from cluj, romania says:

    yep! copts and etiopians are not orthodox totaly! yep! Bob has become a real Christian! he had no theological knowlages and understandings, he was more practical and mystical person, he met God trought music, so you cannot have pretentions from him, i am sure God save him on his level of understanding and faith!!! he is just Bob Marley, a humble Servant of the Living God Jesus Christ! i hope he is in haven with the Lord Jesus which he descovered and loved Him until the end of his life. amen!

  19. pamela simpson says:

    I’m a Jamaican and did not know all this information, but if it is true to God be the Glory. Who ever calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved. If he accepted Christ as savior on his dying bed then he is saved and is in heaven. I just know Bob Marley had a sweet spirit within him and it comes out in his song lyrics, anybody could listen to his songs the words are just so spiritual. It does not shock me if this is true at all. Even in different interviews his wisdom is beyond anything else. I could tell he was not an ordinary man, he was a special person. I’m happy for him.

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